Douglas Fir CVG

Botanical Name

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Other Common Names

Columbian Pine, Red Fir, Red Pine, Spruce, Yellow Fir


Rocky Mountains to Pacific Coast, Mexico to Central British Columbia


Western North America, Mexico, British Columbia

The Tree

Douglas Fir reaches heights of 250 feet, with a diameter of 6 feet.The largest intact specimen was recorded at 330 feet near Littlerock Washington. Douglas Fir is technically not a true Fir, but is in its own genus.


Usually a light brown color with hint of red/yellow and has darker growth rings. In quartersawn pieces, the grain is typically straight and plain, In flatsawn pieces, the wood can display wild grain patterns..


Heartwood is rated to be moderately durable in regard to decay, but is susceptible to insect attack.

Working Properties

Typically machines well; blunting effect on cutters. Accepts stains, glues, and finishes well.


Used mostly for building and construction purposes. Douglas-Fir is also used for veneer and plywood.


Available as construction lumber for a modest price. Old growth or reclaimed boards can be more expensive.