Red Oak

Botanical Name

Quercus rubra

Other Common Names

Champion Oak


Eastern United States and Southern Canada

The Tree

Red Oak may be reach heights of 80-115 feet with dimeter of 3-6 feet. It seems to be the most popular hardwood in the United States.


Heartwood is a light to medium brown, with a reddish cast. Nearly white/light brown sapwood is not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. Quartersawn sections display prominent ray fleck patterns.(White Oak tends to be slightly more olive-colored).


Grain is straight, with a course, uneven texture. Pores are large and open. Rated as non-durable to perishable, with poor insect resistance. Stains when in contact with water.

Working Properties

Produces great results with hand and machine tools. Red Oak can react with iron when it is wet and cause staining and discoloration. Responds well to steam-bending. It glues, stains, and finishes well.


Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, and veneer.


Abundant availability in a good range of widths and thickness(both flatsawn and quartersawn).